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  Cassop Colliery  Index  Cassop Colliery  
/ Index \

Cassop Colliery

  Summary Description Disasters Names Local Collieries Credits  

Location: Cassop
5 miles [8 km] ESE of Durham
Map Ref: (Sheet 93) NZ343383, 54° 44' 18" N, 1° 28' 2" W
Maps: Map 1898 map from Reid's Handy Colliery Guide
Opened: 1840
Closed: 1868
Pits: Vale Pit, closed: 1877
Owners: 1850s - R. P. Philipson
1870s - Edward Robinson & Co.
Output: 1873 - Coal.
Employment: 1854 - 0 [Working]
  Abandoned Seams  Catalogue of plans of abandoned mines for Cassop Colliery

1836, Apr 04 - Borings were begun at Cassop from the surface to the Main Coal Seam.

1840 - Cassop Colliery shipped its first coal at Hartlepool.

1856 - Boring operations were commenced at bottom of Vale Pit, Cassop Colliery, to prove the Hutton and Harvey Seams.

1864 - Cassop Colliery sunk from the Main Coal to the Harvey Seam, and boring continued down to the Brockwell Seam.

1878 - Five Quarter and Main Coal seam abandoned

  Description Summary Disasters Names Local Collieries Credits  


Coal was extensively worked in this township [Cassop-cum-Quarrington] at one time, Heugh Hall, Bowburn, and Crow Trees being the names of the collieries in the Quarrington township. Owing to these collieries being laid in, many of the cottages in the parish have fallen into ruin.

New Cassop is a village formerly entirely inhabited by miners, but since the collieries ceased to work it has fallen much into decay. It is still, however, inhabited principally by miners and quarrymen ; it is pleasantly situated on the hill side.

Whellan's 1894 Directory of County Durham

  Disasters Summary Description Names Local Collieries Credits  

Disasters (5 or more killed)

None Found

  Names Summary Description Disasters Local Collieries Credits  

Names of those killed at this colliery

Please note that this collection of names is by no means complete!

In Memoriam

Bainbridge, Henry, 13 Jan 1854, aged 12, Pony Putter, he got on the limmers to ride outbye. As he was going along, his head was jammed between the tub and the roof. He died soon after being released


Barrass, William, 25 Aug 1848, aged 7, [Not Employed], he was crossing the railway with his grandfather's breakfast when he was knocked down and run over by a waggon full of props which was going between the raff-yard and the mouth of the shaft; he died shortly after being taken home.


Bell, John, 11 Sep 1846, aged 14, Driver, Friday, 11 September : John Bell, 14, a rolley driver in the B Pit at Cassop Colliery, was driving his pony and six tubs that evening, when he was covered by a large fall of stone and rubbish. He sustained severe head injuries and died on being taken out.

  Individal page JG 

Blenkinsopp, Daniel John, 21 Oct 1844, aged 9, When returning from his work with several other boys got upon a train of waggons, which was about to start on the Cassop incline : on being observed by the inspector, they were all ordered to get off, but deceased instead of doing so, kept on climbing up. When the train started he was thrown off, and the last of the waggons passed over the high part of his thigh and groin, and crushed him severely. He died the same evening


Cuthbertson, Andrew, 25 Dec 1855, aged 70, he was taking down stones at work in the waste for the purpose of forming an air course, when a piece fell from the roof and struck him on the back of the head, he died the same night

  Individal page JG 

Felton, George, 05 Aug 1850, aged 59, crushed to death by a large stone falling from the roof


Forbes, Dominick, 03 Oct 1873, aged 30, Screenman, crushed by a waggon going over him

  Individal page   

Gibbon, Francis, 23 Sep 1859, Hewer, killed by a fall of stone

  Individal page JG 

Harrison, Michael, 28 Apr 1847, (accident: 17 Apr 1847), aged 49, Banksman, he received a slight injury to his thumb when the guard slipped as he was taking a tub of coal from the cage, by the following Monday, he was in considerable pain due to his arm being swollen, which, in turn, affected the muscles of his neck; on the 28th he died from what the surgeon described as "depression of the nervous system" — more likely tetanus or blood poisoning

  Individal page   

Hope, John, 05 Apr 1861, aged 11, Putter, killed by a fall of stone


Johnson, James, 12 Jun 1855, aged 12, he was employed to pump water in the Five Quarter seam of the Vale Pit, on the morning of 12 June, he descended the shaft to go to work, got out of the cage, entered the seam, and then about 10 minutes later fell 15 fathoms to the bottom. He was unconscious when taken to bank, and died upon the pit heap about half-an-hour afterwards.

  Individal page   

Johnson, John, 29 Apr 1865, aged 45, Master Wasteman, crushed by descending cage in Five Quarter

  Individal page JG 

Lamb, William, 14 Dec 1853, he was travelling behind a set of tubs when he was knocked down and suffocated by a mass of coal falling from the roof, the tubs had apparently knocked out a prop


Lane, Benjamin, 28 Jul 1873, aged 26, Screenman, stumbled under waggon which passed over him

  Individal page JG 

McDormand, Thomas, 12 Feb 1855, aged 10, crushed by tubs [More information ...]

  Individal page   

Mulligan, Peter, 12 Apr 1858, (accident: 03 Apr 1858), Hewer, explosion of gas [More information ...]

  Individal page   

Price, John, 30 Jul 1862, aged 2, [Not Employed], killed by a rope sheave on surface railway

  Individal page   

Richardson, George, 20 Jun 1862, aged 21, Hewer, unmarried, killed by an explosion of gas [More information ...]

  Individal page   

Richardson, John, 26 Nov 1858, aged 20, Apparatus boy, fall from apparatus when up to oil sheave


Scott, John, 04 Oct 1854, (accident: Jun 1854), aged 17, in June he got on an empty coal waggon to ride it down an incline to his work at Cassop Colliery. The waggon ran amain and as he tried to jump off he stumbled, fell on the line and was run over. His left leg and knee were fractured; he died on 4 October

  Individal page   

Stabler, Eleanor, 21 May 1853, (accident: 20 May 1853), aged 2, [Not Employed], knocked down and crushed by coal waggons on the colliery railway

  Individal page   

Stabler, Eleanor, 21 May 1853, aged 2, [Not employed], crushed by a coal waggon on the colliery railway

  Individal page   

Waters, John, 12 Jan 1844, aged 65, he was at work at the top of the pit filling the cages with wood, for the purpose of being used down the pit, when by some means he slipped and fell down the shaft and was killed upon the spot

  23 names found

If you know of any fatalities missing from the above list then please contact us with the details and we will add them to our database.

Those names marked with image, have a web page providing individual details of the accident, the page may also include a photograph of the deceased. Click on the image symbol next to the name to see the web page.

Some of the names of mining fatalities on this web site have been kindly provided by Jim Grainger from his research into early newspapers (primarily the Durham Advertiser and Durham Chronicle) and are marked with image.

More information  more information on some of the fatalities shown above

  Local Collieries Summary Description Disasters Names Credits  

Collieries and Pits within 5 miles (8km)

Colliery Map  a simulated map showing the immediate vicinity of Cassop Colliery

Nearby Collieries  list of collieries/pits etc. near to Cassop Colliery

  Credits Summary Description Disasters Names Local Collieries  



  • 1854 List of mines by T. Y. Hall, published in Vol II (1853-4) of the Transactions of the North of England Institute of Mining Engineers
  • 1858 Mines Inspectors Report, Southern District by John J. Atkinson, H.M. Inspector of Mines
  • 1859 Mines Inspectors Report, Southern District by John J. Atkinson, H.M. Inspector of Mines
  • 1861 Mines Inspectors Report, Southern District by John J. Atkinson, H.M. Inspector of Mines
  • 1862 Mines Inspectors Report, Southern District by John J. Atkinson, H.M. Inspector of Mines
  • 1865 Mines Inspectors Report, South Durham District by John J. Atkinson, H.M. Inspector of Mines
  • 1873-4 List of Mines - Government report from the Mines Department
  • 1873 Mines Inspectors Report (C 1056) Where to find this report
  • Contributions by members of the Public
  • History, Topography, and Directory of the County Palatine of Durham by Francis Whellan. Second edition published in 1894.
  • Victoria History of the Counties of England Durham. Published in three volumes in 1907.

  Summary Description Disasters Names Local Collieries Credits  

Related Links:

On this site
Newspaper articles Newspaper articles

Further Research:

Goto Research Notes  Research Notes for Cassop Colliery

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